While many of the benefits associated with a vegan diet can apply to both athletes and non-athletes, some considerations may differ based on individual lifestyles and health needs. As long as nutrition is planned to meet specific energy and nutrient needs, there are several benefits of a vegan diet for both athletes and non-athletes. Below are six of those benefits.
Six Benefits of a Vegan Diet
(1) Optimal Body Weight and Composition
Plant-based diets are often associated with lower calorie density and higher fiber content, which may help athletes maintain a healthy body weight and composition. This can be beneficial for sports where body weight plays a crucial role, such as long-distance running or certain weight classes in combat sports. The potential for maintaining a healthy body weight and composition is clearly beneficial for non-athletes, as it’s typically one of the top health and fitness goals of the year.
This benefit has been shown in various studies. For instance, in a more recent study, a low-fat vegan diet was shown to be associated with a greater loss of body weight, fat mass, and visceral fat. Its benefits were so effective, the authors even suggested a vegan diet’s potential for clinical practice.
(2) Cardiovascular Health
A vegan diet may have cardiovascular benefits due to its emphasis on heart-healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. Maintaining good cardiovascular health is crucial for both athletes and non-athletes. However, due to the nature of athletics, cardiovascular health is especially important for those involved in endurance sports.
In a meta-analysis and systematic review, it was shown that a vegan diet does play a role in reducing cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular disease. However, it was also found that this association was consistent only when quality plant-based foods were selected.
(3) Reduced Inflammation and Improved Recovery
Some studies suggest that a vegan diet may contribute to lower levels of inflammation. Chronic inflammation can interfere with recovery and performance, so minimizing it can be advantageous for athletes. Because chronic inflammation is associated with various health issues, reducing it can contribute to overall well-being for non-athletes as well.
Considering plant foods have high anti-inflammatory properties, and inflammation is inversely related to recovery, it’s no surprise authorities continue to echo the benefits of consuming more plant-based foods.
(4) Digestive Health
Plant-based diets are often rich in fiber, promoting healthy digestion and regular bowel movements. A well-functioning digestive system is essential for nutrient absorption and overall well-being for both athletes and non-athletes.
Current research shows that the benefit of a plant-based diet has on digestive health is so effective that it has the potential to reduce the occurrence of several types of cancer (e.g., pancreatic, colorectal, rectal, colon).
(5) Enhanced Endurance
Plant-based diets are typically high in carbohydrates, which serve as a primary energy source for endurance activities. Foods like whole grains, legumes, and fruits provide sustained energy levels, contributing to improved endurance performance, making this relevant to both athletes and non-athletes.
In contrast to some previous mixed findings (and beliefs), a recent study comparing endurance performance markers between vegans and omnivores found vegans had a significantly higher estimated VO2 max and submaximal endurance time to exhaustion.
(6) Ethical and Environmental Considerations
Adopting a vegan diet aligns closely with ethical considerations related to animal welfare and environmental sustainability, which is relevant to individuals regardless of their athletic pursuits. Many athletes and non-athletes find this aspect of veganism motivating, contributing to a positive mindset and overall well-being.
It’s important to note that non-athletes may not have the same specific nutritional demands as athletes, and individual health considerations can vary. For instance, the increased energy and nutrient needs of athletes may require more careful planning to ensure they get sufficient protein, iron, calcium, vitamin B12, omega-3 fatty acids, and zinc from plant-based sources.
Additionally, while a vegan diet can offer numerous health benefits, it’s not a guarantee of overall health. It’s crucial for both athletes and non-athletes to focus on a balanced and well-rounded diet, meeting their individual nutritional requirements, and, if needed, consulting with a healthcare professional, dietitian or nutrition coach to address specific health concerns.
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